The Seven Hills of Rome mark the ancient boundaries of the city. It was on these seven hills that the first settlements of Rome began and these seven hills were the ones protected within the Servian Walls.
What Are the Seven Hills of Rome?
As you can see from the red outline on the map, the seven hills of Rome are:
- Aventine / Aventino
- Caelian / Celio
- Capitoline / Capitolino
- Esquiline / Esquilino
- Palatine / Palatino
- Quirinal / Quirinale
- Viminal / Viminale
The foundations, gates, and ruins of these 4th century-BC walls can still be seen in some parts of the city. Subsequent builds of fortifications in Rome, such as the Aurelian Walls (3rd century AD) and the Leonine City (9th century AD) included other hills whose names may be familiar: the Janiculum (Gianicolo), Vatican, and Pincian hills.
Now that you’ve had a short history lesson, you may be wondering what you can see today on Rome’s Seven Hills. Rather than tell you, I thought I would use the power of Google’s Street View to show you.
This is the place to see the famous view of “St. Peter’s through the keyhole” at the Knights of Malta headquarters. More on the Aventine Hill.
The Baths of Caracalla are one of the highlights of the Caelian (pronounced “Chellian”) Hill, which is largely a wealthy residential area. The Villa Cellimontana (Caelian Mountain Villa), is a 16th century villa and gardens that many Romans frequent in warmer weather for its nature and tranquility. The villa grounds also serve as the site for an annual jazz festival.
The Capitoline Museums and the seat of the Roman government can be found on the Capitoline Hill. On the higher ridge of the hill stands the church of Santa Maria in Aracoeli.
The Esquiline Hill was where Nero built his “Golden House” (Domus Aurea). Today, much of the Esquiline is crowded with shops and apartment blocks. On the southwestern spur of the Esquiline is the Colle Oppio (the smaller Oppian Hill) where you can admire the Colosseum.
The Palatine, where Romulus and Remus were supposedly born, is the original hill of all of Rome’s hills. Rome’s main archeological area is here.
The Quirinal Palace, where the President of Italy resides, is the main landmark of this hill. Winding staircases and alleys from the pinnacle lead down to the Trevi Fountain [directions].
The smallest of Rome’s Seven Hills is the site of the Baths of Diocletian, now part of the National Roman Museum. It’s all a short walk from Termini, Rome’s main train station.
This month’s Italy Blogging Roundtable topic was “Hills and Mountains.” I hope you’ve enjoyed reading about the Seven Hills of Rome. Please have a look at the other entries from our fabulous Italy blogging crew:
- Jessica – Italy Roundtable: Why Do We Love Italian Hill Towns?
- Alexandra – Abetone: The Closest Ski Resort to Florence
- Rebecca – Italy Roundtable: The Colfiorito Marshlands